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Git Cheat Cheet March 31, 2011

Posted by Tournas Dimitrios in Uncategorized.

Git is a very popular and efficient open source  Distributed Version Control System (dvcs) written in C. A version control system allows that you can create a history for a collection of files with the possibility to revert them to another state. These collection of files is usually called “source code”. In a distributed version control system everyone has a complete copy of the source code (including the complete history of the source code) and can perform version control operations against this local copy. The usage of a dvcs does not require a central code repository .

This article is only a quick reference for the most used commands via the terminal (git bash not the Windows command line) , If you don’t already know what Git is, take a crash course.

Initializing and configuring

  • Open the git bash terminal  (not Windows command line !!! )
  • Navigate to the directory where versioning will take place , enable git
    git  init
    ===  or  clone a project from Github ===
    git clone git://github.com/someuser/projectname.git nameOflocalDir
  • Show the current configurations
    git  config  – -list
  • Change Configuration settngs
    git  config  – -global user.name   yourUsername
    git config  – -global  user.mail    yourmail@domain.com


Basic snapshoting

  • Diff   shows what is staged and what is modified  but unstaged
    git  diff (modified files but not yet staged )
    git diff   – -cached (shows diff of staged files)
    git  diff  HEAD ( shows diff of staged or unstaged files)
    git  diff  – -stat (show summary of changes  instead of full  diff)
  • In Git, you have to add file contents to your staging area before you can commit them. If the file is new, you can run git add to initially add the file to your staging area, but even if the file is already “tracked” – ie, it was in your last commit – you still need to call git add to add new modifications to your staging area. We can use git status to see what the state of our project is .Let’s see a few examples of this.
    git  status OR git status  -s (“s” stands for short output)
    git  add   filename
  • Now that you have staged the content you want to snapshot with the git add command, you run git commit to actually record the snapshot. Git records your name and email address with every commit you make, so the first step ” Initializing and configuring ” from previous table is important .
    git  commit (It ‘ll ask you for a comment , it is a mandatory step )
    git  commit  -m “Your comment” ( set your  comment from the command line)
    git  commit -a (automatically stage all modified files and then commit)
  • Unstage changes that you have staged
    git  reset HEAD   – – filename


To be continued 🙂

Links :

  • Download and install the latest version of msysgit (Windows)
  • Tortoise git the graphical version of git
  • Pro git the official on-line book of git
  • Git ready –> lot of tutorial links
  • Detailed instructions how to install git on Windows and enable ssh .
  • For CentOs 5.5 , EPEL provides a ready made rpm file : 
    yum install  git


1. Sylvester - October 17, 2013

Wow, that’s what I was searching for, what a information!
existing here at this weblog, thanks admin of this web page.

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